Hyperpigmentation and melasma is due to excessive production of melanin or dark and brown patches on the skin and it often occurs due to sun damage or a shift in hormonal levels. It can also be caused by several factors such as aging, stress, medication or pregnancy.
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Normal skin is in a well-balanced state of suppleness, elasticity, hydration and color and feels soft and smooth to touch. Rarely break outs and feels comfortable after cleansing, neither tight nor dry. However, normal skin can change due to poor skincare regime, excessive sun, wind or cold exposure. Having a poor diet and lifestyle can take their toll too.
Dry Skin is often characterized by feelings of tightness due to a lack of sebum or oil. It has fine texture with no visible pores and at times may be rough and scaly in areas, it also shows lines and wrinkles easily. It rarely suffers breakouts. The problem lies in the poor epidermal function and damage to the lipid barrier. As the levels of natural lipids and oils drop, the skin’s ability to retain water also reduced, leaving the skin dry and often dehydrated.
Skin can be sensitive due to multitude factors which include environmental and sun damage. Sensitive skin can be really difficult to work with as it can be very prone to acne / inflammation or dry patches. Highly reactive to specific products / ingredient which might cause breakout and redness to the face with the slightest usage.
Oily or greasy skin is particularly common in teenagers and also young adults. A result of excessive productions of sebum, it is characterized by a shiny appearance to the T-zone area. The epidermis teds to thicken and the pores dilate, thus giving the skin a slightly rough and irregular texture. It is also more likely to suffer from acne and spots.
There are two forms of combination skin, the oily & normal and also dry / normal. For the oily & normal combination skin, the T-zone is oily while other area of the face is normal. While the dry / normal combination skin, the T-zone may be normal but with dry patches on the cheeks.
Acne is a common skin condition and breakouts at all ages have become very common than ever. It is characterized by breakouts of pimples, whiteheads and blackheads, and at times can cause scarring. Environmental factors such as haze, pollution and weather, and even bacteria from mobile phone use can cause havoc on the skin. When men and women age, hormonal level tend to fluctuate thus leading to breakouts.
Frequently Asked Questions
Hyperpigmentation is a frequent, usually harmless disorder in which patches of skin darken in color in comparison to the surrounding skin. When an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that gives skin its color, develops deposits in the skin, it darkens.
Hyperpigmentation shows on the skin as darkening patches or dark spots that make the skin seem uneven. Hyperpigmentation is also at the root of skin diseases such as melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and the patches are known as sun damage.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in the level of a hormone in your body, which causes an increase in melanin synthesis. An increase in melanin can also be caused by too much sun exposure.
In this instance, dermatological procedures will be the most efficient technique to eliminate hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, and dermabrasion are all techniques for removing hyperpigmentation from the skin.
Hyperpigmentation is a non-cancerous skin disorder that can be treated with skin care, lotions, and home remedies.
It’s important to remember that hyperpigmentation doesn’t always vanish. Some hyperpigmentation will be persistent, even with treatment. It can take 3 to 24 months to observe any improvement without any treatment.